Projekte unter der Leitung von
Dr. Peter F. Biehl
"New Media - New Perspectives in Archaeology / Neue Medien - Neue Perspektiven für die Archäologie"
Session at the 7th annual meeting of the EAA
"On the virtualization of archaeological museums in the Internet: the Museum Schloss Hohentuebingen of the University of Tuebingen."
Stefanie Samida M.A.
Affiliation:Eberhard-Karls-Universität Tübingen / Germany
During the last six years, the museum offer has sharply risen in the Internet. While only five German-language museums with own web presentations were represented in 1995 in the Internet, today there are more than 9000 and the tendency is rising. This also applies to museums with archaeological collections.
However, the way in which museums present themselves in the WWW is very different and strongly dependent on the respective personnel and financial possibilities. The virtualization of museums not only aims at offering pure object data banks and archive data banks for the "virtual guest " (especially the scientist), but would like to make the objects with the associated information in contextual connection like in the real museum accessible to him.
The opinions, however, on how such a museum should look in the WWW, are very different. For example, there is frequently information on opening hours, addresses and admission prices, but are also sites which place more emphasis on presenting a part of the real collection in the Internet. Yet one should not move away in favour of a simplified and entertaining representation in the Internet from the museum as learning aid.
In contrast to real museums the virtual museum is defeated by the strenghts and weaknesses of the information technology, is dependent, therefore, on the future technical development. As the presentation of a virtual museum takes place exclusively in the Internet, the digital object replaces the real object. This brings advantages as well as disadvantages. In the virtual museum, continuing information can be offered by the global interlinking of certain subjects; the "walk" through the museum is endless. And because the guest is independent of place and time, he can change from one virtual exhibition to another. But in the virtual museum real experiencing is lost; the atmosphere of the area and the real objects can not be provided like in the real museum, the aura is missing.
The lecture will, on the one hand, be about the different possibilities how museums can present themselves in the Internet; on the other hand, the manner in which the Museum Schloss Hohentuebingen site was conceived and for which reasons this particular type of presentation has been chosen will be discussed.
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Institut für Prähistorische Archäologie der Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg