The Late Neolithic and Early Bronze Age cemetery at Haindorf - A preliminary report about the archaeological and anthropological investigations. (Summary)
by Andreas Northe, Diethard Walter und Horst Bruchhaus. In: May, E. / N. Benecke (Hg.), Beiträge zur Archäozoologie und Prähistorischen Anthropologie Bd. III. Konstanz 2001, 55-60

Between 1995 and 1996 archaeological investigations were carried out at Haindorf-Allstedter Mühlberg. During the excavations a cemetery with burials from the Late Neolithic and the Early Bronze Age was discovered. A total of 28 burials have been excavated. On the basis of the grave goods and specific burial rites it was possible to classify the burials.

For the anthropological analysis the partly poorly preserved human remains from 26 graves were at our disposal. In our anthropological determination we could sort out two more individuals, which probably belonged to unrecognized double burials. We could estimate the age at death for two thirds of the burials, but the sex could only be determined for a quarter. The main reason for this is the absence of distinctive parts of bones for the sex deterrnination. Furthermore, there are individuals without any differentiating features.

Two unclear features at this cemetery are the absence of adolescent individuals in the Early Bronze Age burials - in contrast to the Late Neolithic - and the distinct imbalance of additional sutural ossicles between the two groups. It should also be noted that there are degenerated vertebrae and big joints, certain healed fractures at some extremity bones and, most importantly, an unusual big calvaria trauma.

Despite the poor preservation further investigations are possible and necessary in order to clarify unsolved problems. There are also a DNA-analyses, radiocarbon datings and a detailed record and analysis of pathologica, discreta and changes of the bone surface planed.